The three stages of dementia provides a structure for understanding how your loved one may change and what you can expect. Dementia is an umbrella term that covers many types of diseases that all result in a decrease in memory, the ability to think and reason and the ability for a person to care for herself. Different dementias have different symptoms and progress in different ways. The three stages of dementia is a simple way of looking at the progress of a complex group of diseases.
Your doctor is likely to check your overall neurological health by testing your: Reflexes Muscle tone and strength, and how strength on one side of your body compares with the other side Ability to get up from a chair and walk across the room Sense of touch and sight Coordination Balance Brain imaging Images of your brain can pinpoint visible abnormalities caused by strokes, blood vessel diseases, tumors or trauma that may cause changes in thinking and reasoning.
A brain-imaging study can help your doctor zero in on more likely causes for your symptoms and rule out other causes. Brain-imaging procedures your doctor may recommend to help diagnose vascular dementia include: Computerized tomography CT scan.
X-rays pass through your body from various angles, and a computer uses this information to create detailed cross-sectional images slices of your brain. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI. An MRI uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field to produce detailed images of your brain.
You lie on a narrow table that slides into a tube-shaped MRI machine, which makes loud banging noises while it produces images. MRIs are painless, but some people feel claustrophobic inside the machine and are disturbed by the noise. MRIs are generally the preferred imaging test because MRI can provide even more detail than CT scans about strokes, ministrokes and blood vessel abnormalities.
Carotid ultrasound This procedure uses high-frequency sound waves to determine whether your carotid arteries — which run up through either side of your neck to supply blood to the brain — show signs of narrowing as a result of plaque deposits or structural problems.
Your test may include a Doppler ultrasound, which shows the movement of blood through your arteries in addition to structural features. Neuropsychological tests This type of exam assesses your ability to: Speak, write and understand language Work with numbers Develop a plan of attack and solve a problem Respond effectively to hypothetical situations Neuropsychological tests sometimes show characteristic results for people with different types of dementia.
People with vascular dementia may have an exceptionally hard time analyzing a problem and developing an effective solution. Treatment Treatment often focuses on managing the health conditions and risk factors that contribute to vascular dementia.
Controlling conditions that affect the underlying health of your heart and blood vessels can sometimes slow the rate at which vascular dementia gets worse, and may also sometimes prevent further decline.
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Depending on your individual situation, your doctor may prescribe medications to: Caring for someone with dementia Seek out support. Many people with dementia and their families benefit from counseling or local support services. Plan for the future.
Caregivers can help a person cope with vascular dementia by being there to listen, reassuring the person that life can still be enjoyed, providing encouragement, and doing their best to help the person retain dignity and self-respect.
Provide a calm environment.Dementia is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is great enough to affect a person's daily functioning.
Other common symptoms include emotional problems, difficulties with language, and a decrease in motivation. A person's consciousness is usually not affected. A dementia diagnosis requires a change from. Get the latest information and expert advice on Alzheimer's care, prevention, research, cost, medication, dementia, bone health, depression and more.
Diagnosis. Doctors can nearly always determine that you have dementia, but there's no specific test that confirms you have vascular dementia.
Your doctor will make a judgment about whether vascular dementia is the most likely cause of your symptoms based on the information you provide, your medical history for stroke or disorders of the heart and blood vessels, and results of tests that may.
WebMD explains the different types of dementia, a syndrome that affects a person's thinking, behavior, and memory.
Vascular dementia is a common type of dementia caused by reduced blood flow to the brain. It's estimated to affect around , people in the UK.
Dementia is the name for problems with mental abilities caused by gradual changes and damage in the brain. It's rare in people under Vascular. Dementia is a decline in a person's mental capacities and intellectual abilities that is great enough to affect the person's normal daily functioning.
Vascular dementia is dementia that is caused by disease of the blood vessels of the brain (cerebrovascular disease).