By Stephanie I tend to be verbose, so please bear with me.
Etymology[ edit ] It is possible that Demeter appears in Linear A as da-ma-te on three documents AR Zf 1 and 2, and KY Za 2all three apparently dedicated in religious situations and all three bearing just the name i-da-ma-te on AR Zf 1 and 2.
According to the Athenian rhetorician IsocratesDemeter's greatest gifts to humankind were agriculture, particularly of cereals, and the Mysteries which give the initiate higher hopes in this life and the afterlife.
At the marriage of Cadmus and HarmoniaDemeter lured Iasion away from the other revelers. They had intercourse in a ploughed furrow in Creteand she gave birth to two sons, Philomelus and Ploutos.
Eleusinian Mysteries and Thesmophoria Demeter's two major festivals were sacred mysteries. Her Thesmophoria festival 11—13 October was women-only.
At the heart of both festivals were myths concerning Demeter as Mother and Persephone as her daughter. Demeter's virgin daughter Persephone was abducted to the underworld by Hades. Demeter searched for her ceaselessly, preoccupied with her loss and her grief. The seasons halted; living things ceased their growth, then began to die.
Hades agreed to release her if she had eaten nothing while in his realm; but Persephone had eaten a small number of pomegranate seeds. This bound her to Hades and the underworld for certain months of every year, either the dry Mediterranean summer, when plant life is threatened by drought,  or the autumn and winter.
In the Homeric hymn to Demeter, Hecate assists in the search and later becomes Persephone's underworld attendant. Contrary to popular perception, Persephone's time in the underworld does not correspond with the unfruitful seasons of the ancient Greek calendarnor her return to the upper world with springtime.
Demeter rejoiced, for her daughter was by her side. Demeter and her daughter Persephone were usually called: Demeters, in Rhodes and Sparta The thesmophoroi, "the legislators" in the Thesmophoria. The Great Goddesses, in Arcadia.
The mistresses in Arcadia. Similar subterranean pithoi were used in ancient times for funerary practices. At the beginning of the autumn, when the corn of the old crop is laid on the fields, she ascends and is reunited with her mother Demeter, for at this time the old crop and the new meet each other.
Before her abduction, she is called Kore; and once taken she becomes Persephone 'she who brings destruction'. PersephoneTriptolemosand Demeter, on a marble bas-relief from Eleusis— BC Relief of Demeter in Pompeii referencing her ancient status of mother goddess and goddess of agriculture Demeter's search for her daughter Persephone took her to the palace of Celeusthe King of Eleusis in Attica.
She assumed the form of an old woman, and asked him for shelter. He took her in, to nurse Demophon and Triptolemushis sons by Metanira.
To reward his kindness, she planned to make Demophon immortal; she secretly anointed the boy with ambrosia and laid him in the flames of the hearth, to gradually burn away his mortal self. But Metanira walked in, saw her son in the fire and screamed in fright.
Demeter abandoned the attempt. Instead, she taught Triptolemus the secrets of agriculture, and he in turn taught them to any who wished to learn them.
Thus, humanity learned how to plant, grow and harvest grain. The myth has several versions; some are linked to figures such as EleusisRarus and Trochilus. The Demophon element may be based on an earlier folk tale.
In the cave of Amnisos Crete Enesidaon is related with the cult of Eileithyiathe goddess of childbirth. The "Two Queens" may be related with Demeter and Persephoneor their precursors, goddesses who were not associated with Poseidon in later periods.
These myths seem to be connected with the first Greek-speaking people who came from the north during the Bronze age. Poseidon represents the river spirit of the underworld and he appears as a horse as it often happens in northern-European folklore.
He pursues the mare-Demeter and she bears one daughter who obviously originally had the form or the shape of a mare too. Demeter and Despoina were closely connected with springs and animals, related to Poseidon as a God of waters and especially with Artemisthe mistress of the animals and the goddess of, among others, the Hunt.
Demeter as mare-goddess was pursued by Poseidon, and hid from him among the horses of King Onkiosbut could not conceal her divinity. In the form of a stallion, Poseidon caught and covered her.
Demeter was furious erinys at Poseidon's assault; in this furious form, she is known as Demeter Erinys.
In ArcadiaDemeter's mare-form was worshiped into historical times. Her xoanon of Phigaleia shows how the local cult interpreted her: Elaios, is about 30 stades from Phigaleiaand has a cave sacred to Demeter Melaine ["Black"]Grover Underwood is a satyr and Percy Jackson's best friend. He has found the four most powerful demigods of the century: Percy Jackson (son of Poseidon), Thalia Grace (daughter of Zeus), and Nico and Bianca di Angelo (children of Hades).
mythology ch 1 & 2. STUDY. The Greeks believed that the universe created the gods. Who were the first parents, and who were their children and grandchildren? Heaven and Earth were the first parents. The Titans (Cronus-Saturn, Ocean, Tethys, Her daughter, Persephone, was carried off to the underworld by Hades.
Demeter was greatly upset. Triptolemus was an ancient Greek demi-god of the Eleusinian mysteries who presided over the sowing of grain-seed and the milling of wheat.
He was one of the Eleusinian princes who hospitably received the goddess Demeter when she was mourning the loss of her daughter. After Persephone was returned from the underworld Demeter, in her munificence, instructed Triptolemus in the ways of agriculture.
Aphrodite was the Olympian goddess of love, beauty, pleasure and procreation. This page describes the goddess' sexual liaisons with various gods. Although she was paired with half of the male Olympians only the story of her marriage to Hephaestus and adulterous affair with the god Ares was elaborated upon in any detail.
The rest were, for the most part, simply genealogical pairings. The following deities were children of the Titans Cronus and Rhea: Hestia (eldest child), Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, Hera and Zeus (youngest).It is more than likely that these children of Cronus were the original Olympians.
As to the younger deities, most or all of them were children of Zeus. Children: Persephone, Despoina, Arion, Plutus, Philomelus, Demeter's search for her daughter Persephone took her to the palace of Celeus, the King of Eleusis in Attica.
She assumed the form of an old woman, and asked him for shelter. The "Two Queens" may be related with Demeter and Persephone, or their precursors, Parents: Cronus and Rhea.