Free Press Critical for Free, Democratic Society An essay from the prestigious journal, Columbia Journalism Reviewnotes the crucial role of free media and the need for public education in society to maintain democracy: But the founders knew that a free press would be worth little if the people could not read it, so public education became one of the great obsessions of the leaders of the early republic.
History[ edit ] Some of the first news circulations occurred in Renaissance Europe.
These handwritten newsletters contained news about wars, economic conditions, and social customs and were circulated among merchants. The first printed news appeared by the late s in German pamphlets that contained content that was often highly sensationalized.
However, it did not have permission from the government to be published and was immediately suppressed. Zenger was found not guilty, largely in part to his attorney Andrew Hamilton, who later wrote a paper in which he argued that newspapers should be free to criticize the government as long as it was true.
Later, with the ratification of the Bill of Rights infreedom of the press would be guaranteed by the First Amendment. This began with the New York Sun in Advancements in technology made it cheaper to print newspapers and "penny papers" emerged. These issues sought out local news and coverage of society.
Later, news-gathering became a central function of newspapers.
With the invention of the telegraph inthe " inverted pyramid " structure of news was developed. By the end of the century, modern aspects of newspapers, such as banner headlines, extensive use of illustrations, "funny pages," and expanded coverage of organized sporting events, began to appear.
Also, media consolidation began with many independent newspapers becoming part of "chains". These exposing articles became featured in many newspapers and magazines. The people who wrote them became labeled as "muckrakers".
They became very influential and were a vital force in the Progressive reform movement. However, after muckraking declined. Although, during World War I, radio broadcasts in America were only given information about Allied victories because Great Britain had a monopoly on the transatlantic radio lines.
For the newspapers, the government suppressed any radical or German papers during and after the war. It was an agreement between commercial television and the people of the United States that established that: The airways are public property; Commercial broadcasters are licensed to use the airways; The main condition for use will be whether the broadcaster served "the public interest, convenience, and necessity.
Common things carried by media include informationart, or physical objects. A medium may provide transmission or storage of information or both.
The industries which produce news and entertainment content for the mass media are often called "the media" in much the same way the newspaper industry is called "the press ". In the late 20th century it became commonplace for this usage to be construed as singular "The media is The term press comes from the printing press of Johannes Gutenberg in the sixteenth century and which, from the eighteenth century, was used to print newspapers, then the only existing journalistic vehicles.
From the middle of the 20th century onwards, newspapers also began to be broadcast and broadcast radio news and television news and, with the advent of the World Wide Web, also came the online newspapers, or cyberjornais, or webjornais. The term "press", however, was maintained.
Broadcasting[ edit ] Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and video signals programs to a number of recipients "listeners" or "viewers" that belong to a large group.
This group may be the public in general, or a relatively large audience within the public. Thus, an Internet channel may distribute text or music worldwide, while a public address system in for example a workplace may broadcast very limited ad hoc soundbites to a small population within its range.
The sequencing of content in a broadcast is called a schedule. Television and radio programs are distributed through radio broadcasting or cableoften simultaneously.
By coding signals and having decoding equipment in homes, the latter also enables subscription -based channels and pay-per-view services. A broadcasting organization may broadcast several programs at the same time, through several channels frequenciesfor example BBC One and Two.
On the other hand, two or more organizations may share a channel and each use it during a fixed part of the day. Digital radio and digital television may also transmit multiplexed programming, with several channels compressed into one ensemble. When broadcasting is done via the Internet the term webcasting is often used.Video shows disruptive passenger's arrest after emergency landing at Sunport Nov 14 - PM.
Police body camera video shows a Texas man's arrest at the Albuquerque Sunport after being accused. It helps in broadcasting the video to a group of people individually or publicly to broadcast video content over Android/iOS applications.
media houses, and others to build Banner Ads: Streamlining brand. Breitbart TV is the home of the hottest video on politics, world events, culture, and media. The Associated Press delivers in-depth coverage on today's Big Story including top stories, international, politics, lifestyle, business, entertainment, and more.
Types of jobs available in media, a list of common job titles and description, and information on career options in media-related occupations.
That is, if your employer owns broadcast time that can be used for commercials, space in a magazine or on a website for ads, or even billboards, your job is to find people willing to pay money to use. Just like all other ads, the aim is to sell a product, not necessarily to tell the entire truth about the candidate or his campaign.
That's no surprise, Today, a candidate can bypass broadcast and print media to reach his potential voters through social media.