The legacy of enslavement in the Americas particularly in the United States is known globally through the cultural and political impact of African-American iconography, films, history and references in popular culture. For many people of African descent across the world, it is one of the clearest historical links that binds us together, even if we do not have west African or American ancestry. But the slave trade across the Atlantic Ocean is not the only history of longstanding mass global enslavement.
Citizenship The slave trade - a historical background Inthe British government passed an Act of Parliament abolishing the slave trade throughout the British Empire.
Slavery itself would persist in the British colonies until its final abolition in However, abolitionists would continue campaigning against the international trade of slaves after this date. The slave trade refers to the transatlantic trading patterns which were established as early as the midth century.
Trading ships would set sail from Europe with a cargo of manufactured goods to the west coast of Africa. There, these goods would be traded, over weeks and months, for captured people provided by African traders.
European traders found it easier to do business with African intermediaries who raided settlements far away from the African coast and brought those young and healthy enough to the coast to be sold into slavery. Enlarge Once full, the European trader's ship would depart for the Americas or the Caribbean on the notorious ' Middle Passage '.
During this voyage, the slaves would be kept in the ship's hold, crammed close together with little or no space to move. Conditions were squalid and many people did not survive the voyage.
On the final leg of the transatlantic route, European ships returned home with cargoes of sugar, rum, tobacco and other 'luxury' items.
It has been estimated that, by the s,people were enslaved in the British Colonies. Enlarge The majority of those sold into slavery were destined to work on plantations in the Caribbean and the Americas, where huge areas of the American continent had been colonized by European countries.
These plantations produced products such as sugar or tobacco, meant for consumption back in Europe. Those who supported the slave trade argued that it made important contributions to the country's economy and to the rise of consumerism in Britain.
Despite this, towards the end of the eighteenth century, people began to campaign against slavery. However, since trading was so profitable for those involved, the 'Abolitionists' those who campaigned for the abolition of the slave trade were fiercely opposed by a pro-slavery West Indian lobby.
Those who still supported slavery used persuasive arguments, or 'propaganda', to indicate the necessity of the slave trade though the abolitionists also used propaganda to further their cause.
The role of many slaves themselves in bringing slavery to an end is often overlooked. Resistance among slaves in the Caribbean was not uncommon. Indeed, slaves in the French colony of St Domingue seized control of the island and it was eventually declared to be the republic of Haiti.
Figures such as Olaudah Equiano and Mary Prince, by adding their eye witness accounts to abolitionist literature, also made a major contribution to the abolition campaign.An Introduction to the African Slave Trade Through a Power Point presentation and the examination of various images, students will explore the history of the African slave trade, from where and why people were enslaved, and the realities of slave castles.
• Introduction to the Slave Trade . Although, slave trade was practiced in Africa long before the white man came to Africa. It is the emergence of trans Atlantic slave trade that made a major impact on Africans.
Oct 05, · African History: a Very Short Introduction by John Parker and Richard Rathbone (Oxford, ) The African Slave Trade from 15th to the . Over the period of the Atlantic Slave Trade, from approximately to , some million slaves had been shipped from Africa, and million had arrived in the Americas.
The Atlantic Slave Trade was likely the most costly in human life of all of long-distance global migrations. The slave trade refers to the transatlantic trading patterns which were established as early as the midth century.
Trading ships would set sail from Europe with a . The Spaniards were the first Europeans to use African slaves in the New World on islands such as Cuba and Hispaniola, due to a shortage of labor caused by the spread of diseases, and so the Spanish colonists gradually became involved in the Atlantic slave trade.
The first African slaves arrived in Hispaniola in ; by , the natives had been "virtually annihilated" mostly to diseases.