A Nation of Drunkards The Absolute Shall Bythe average American over 15 years old consumed nearly seven gallons of pure alcohol a year — three times as much as we drink today — and alcohol abuse primarily by men was wreaking havoc on the lives of many, particularly in an age when women had few legal rights and were utterly dependent on their husbands for sustenance and support. The Temperance Movement The country's first serious anti-alcohol movement grew out of a fervor for reform that swept the nation in the s and s. Many abolitionists fighting to rid the country of slavery came to see drink as an equally great evil to be eradicated — if America were ever to be fully cleansed of sin. The temperance movement, rooted in America's Protestant churches, first urged moderation, then encouraged drinkers to help each other to resist temptation, and ultimately demanded that local, state, and national governments prohibit alcohol outright.
Blog The Temperance Movement The temperance movement of the 19th and early 20th centuries was an organized effort to encourage moderation in the consumption of intoxicating liquors or press for complete abstinence.
At first, they used moral suasion to address the problem. Temperance efforts existed in antiquity, but the movement really came into its own as a reaction to the pervasive use of distilled beverages in modern times.
The earliest organizations in Europe came into being in Ireland in the s, then swept to Scotland and Britain.
Norway and Sweden saw movements rise in the s. In the United States, a pledge of abstinence had been promulgated by various preachers, notably John Bartholomew Gough, at the beginning of the s. Temperance associations were established in New York and Massachusetts The American Society for the Promotion of Temperance was interdenominational.
Thanks largely to the lead from the pulpit, some 6, local temperance groups in many states were up and running by the s. The movement existed in a matrix of unrest and intellectual ferment in which such other social ills as slavery, neglect and ill-treatment of marginalized people, were addressed by liberals and conservatives alike.
The first statewide success for the temperance movement was in Maine, which passed a law on June 2,which served as model for other states.
Proponents suggested that it was motivated by a justified concern for the public welfare, but not all agreed. It is not mere bombast to declare that the esophagus, the duodenum, lacticals, and capillary ducts of free-born Americans are, and of right should be, forever inviolable; and that if the Declaration of Independence does not avail to save the contents of our stomachs and bladders from chemical analysis and legislative discussion, it is full time to make another declaration that shall mean something.
The argument, with minor changes, has been applied against the efforts of the War on Drugs in the 20th century and invasive scanning at airports in the 21st. Some believe the first U. As these groups gathered political power, their strategy changed from moral suasion to agitation for government control of liquor, using social, educational and political tactics.
In fact, they succeeded in getting many liquor laws passed nationwide, partly thanks to backing from churches as well as industrialists who faced poor worker productivity and absenteeism.
The WCTU became international in scope in the s. Some of the most notable figures associated with the U.
Willard and Carry A. Nation the latter worked on her own. The effects of their efforts and thousands of other advocates included:The largest organization established to advocate temperance was the American Temperance Society. By the mids, more than , people belonged to this organization. The American Temperance Society published tracts and hired speakers to depict the negative effects of alcohol upon people.
Many Ohioans participated in the temperance movement. American Temperance Society: It Led to Prohibition The American Temperance Society (ATS) began in Boston on February 13, It was first called the American Society for the Promotion of Temperance. The temperance movement of the 19th and early 20th centuries was an organized effort to encourage moderation in the consumption of intoxicating liquors or press for complete abstinence.
The movement's ranks were mostly filled by women who, with their children, had endured the effects of unbridled drinking by many of their menfolk.
The Temperance movement in the United States is a movement to curb the consumption of alcohol. It had a large influence on American politics and society in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Today, there are organizations that continue to promote the cause of temperance.
Many of the original Temperance societies had religious affiliations, like the evangelical American Temperance Society which was founded in Ten years later, at the evangelical American Temperance Society's height, one out of every ten Americans was a member (Morone ).
The largest organization established to advocate temperance was the American Temperance Society. By the mids, more than , people belonged to this organization. The American Temperance Society published tracts and hired speakers to depict the negative effects of alcohol upon people.
Many Ohioans participated in the temperance movement.