Terminology[ edit ] The term is first known to have been used to refer to a people living in Northeastern Ireland. It became common in the United States after
Ulster, one of the four traditional kingdoms of Ireland, was only 20miles across the channel from Scotland. Montgomery proposed to ONeill a bargain. He could effect the escape and pardon of ONeill, if in return, ONeill would grant him half of his lands.
The escape and pardon was achieved, but the granting of lands to Montgomery, was denied by King James. Montgomery sought the aid of another Ayrshire laird, James Hamilton, who had great influence with the King. Inthe two scots, Montgomery and Hamilton, began to induce tenants and other scots, to come over as farmer-settlers.
Within 10 years, the population of the Plantation of Ulster, had reached around eight thousand.
The assignment of lands to Scottish undertakers, was to have a permanent effect on the character of Ulster. Despite every vicissitude, including massacres and war, the Plantation gradually grew strong and proved to be a success.
If one cause more than any other can be singled out for its success, it would be the presence, the persistence, and the industry of the Scots in the region.
Back in Scotland, there was an increasing hardship occasioned by the spread of a form of land tenure, called the feu,which had the effect of dispossessing many farmers of their traditional lands.
They were attracted to the generous lands visible across the channel from the shores of south western Scotland. Any Scot who had the inclination might now take the short journey across to Ulster and there,on easy terms, acquire a holding of land reputed to be far more fertile and productive than any he was likely to know in his own country.
Economic distress in the Lowlands and economic opportunities in Ulster were the predominant causes for migration during the first fifty years after the plantation scheme had begun in In the Lowlands a positive fever for emigration swept.
Ships were travelling back and forth with the frequency of a ferry. From onward tolife for the colonists of Ulster was to consist of a series of crises, some of them so prolonged and severe that the very existence of the Scottish settlements were threatened.
The trouble had two causes: Under the Jesuits the Irish people had become fervently Catholic; to them the Protestants of Ulster were heretics as well as interlopers.
The native Irish resented the intrusion of Scottish and English settlers on their ancestral lands, and their resentment exploded in in bitter insurrection. Between and the Revolutionary War some quarter of a million Ulstermen came to America.
By the time the Great Migration began ina few Ulstermen were present in at least half of the American colonies, often alongside immigrants who had recently come directly from Scotland.
It was when Ulster developed, in rapid succession, two new industries that the pinch came. Both woolen and linen manufacture grew apace in the closing years of the seventeenth century, bringing remarkable prosperity to North Ireland and arousing uneasiness among English competitors. Belfast, had arisen from the swamps of the Laggan Valley, giving Ulster a sheltered seaport for her growing trade.
The competition of Irish cloth seemed unendurable to English cloth interests.
The substantial leaders of Ulster had put their primary economic faith in manufacture and trade, and their success in life now depended upon two unknown and uncontrollable factors: A third and more immediate economic cause stimulated the first great migration of This was the suffering caused by rack-renting.
The land question assuredly played a large part in driving Presbyterian Ulsterman to take the drastic step of removing to America. From rack-renting, whole villages lost their Protestant element by migration to America. The final blow was a succession of calamitous years for farmers.
During the teens, there were six years in succession that were notable for insufficient rainfall The first migration, then was touched off by a combination of drought, rack-renting, diminished trade in woolen goods, depression, and also religious discrimination and persecution.
When the fourth successive year of drought ruined the crops inserious preparations began to be made for a migration. Ships were chartered, consultations were held, groups were organized, and property was sold.
More than five thousand Ulstermen that year made the journey to the American colonies. There were but two real drawbacks--the dangers of an ocean crossing especially for woman and children and the expense of that passage. The practice of indenture has long been a familiar device.
There were five great waves of emigration, with a lesser flow in intervening years: Inat least Ulstermen left Ireland.
Jonathan Dickinson reported from Philadelphia inthat there had arrived from ye north of Ireland many hundreds in about four months, and that during the summer we have had 12 or 13 sayle of ships from the North of Ireland with a swarm of people. The second wave was so large, that not only the friends of Ireland, but even the English Parliament became concerned.
In the Pennsylvania Gazette it was reported that poverty, wretchedness, misery and want are become almost universal among them; thatUnlike so many people, I have been privileged to spend every day working for things I've believed in since I was a little boy hanging around my grandfather's store.
I grew up with a fascinating mother who adored me, have learned at the feet of great teachers, have made a legion of loyal friends, have built a loving life with the finest woman I.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: In the United States, people of Scottish and Scots-Irish descent are chiefly Protestant Many Scottish surnames have become anglicised over the centuries.
This reflected the gradual spread of English. Seeking a better life, about a quarter of a million Ulster Scots left Ireland for the American colonies between and The number of Scottish Festivals in Scots-Irish areas also attests to the loyalty the Scots-Irish feel to their distant relatives across the sea.
Distrust of Higher Authority. Her family grew and canned their.
Scotland is a very old country, and it's earliest human settlements date back to thousands of years before Christ was born. We also have a history littered with invasions and battles!
For a long time Scotland has at war with (or in conflict with) England. He was a typical boy who was born healthy and grew up normal and beloved by his parents. But when Martin Pistorius turned 12, a debilitating illness began to take over his body.
Political Career Essay Examples. total results. A Brief Life Story of a Scottish-Irish Boy Who Grew to Become the Secretary of War in Monroe. words. 1 page. The Early Life and Political Career of John Kennedy.
words. 1 page. The Life and Administration of John F. Kennedy.